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Archive for the ‘underage drinking’ Category

The Roots Of Alcoholism May Be In The Genes

Posted by familydynamics on April 29, 2008

Young people often begin drinking alcohol because of environmental factors, such as peer pressure. But genes appear to be a significant factor in determining whether drinking progresses to problem drinking and alcoholism, according to a new study by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

The study of 3,546 female twins, ages 18 to 29, examined how genes and environment influence drinking at different stages of life. The researchers found that genes accounted for about 30% of the timing of the first drink and for about 47% of the speed at which women progressed to alcohol dependence. But environmental factors, overall, seemed more influential, particularly earlier in life.

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Teenage Girls Face Greater Risk From Alcohol Abuse

Posted by familydynamics on April 28, 2008

TEENAGE girls are more than three times as likely as boys to drink alcohol at least once a week and are more at risk of the harmful effects of binge drinking than their male peers. A study by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare found that despite a slight drop in the rate of teenage girls’ alcohol abuse, they are still more susceptible to harm from alcohol than teenage boys.

It follows growing concern about binge drinking and alcohol-related violence, with experts at last weekend’s 2020 Summit urging the Government to fund prevention programs. The study found that the proportion of teenage girls putting themselves at risk of short-term alcohol-related harm at least monthly was 28.3%, down 1% from the previous 2004 survey, whereas the number of teenage boys putting themselves at risk dropped from 26% to 24.5%.

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Study Finds Increase In Alcoholism

Posted by familydynamics on April 25, 2008

A government study reveals that more Americans develop alcoholism each year than any other mental disorder.

Doctors from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism surveyed more than 43,000 American adults and found nearly 2 percent became alcoholics over a 1-year period – outstripping even the rate of heart disease.

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Ireland’s Proposed New Alcohol Law Gives Doctors’ Hope

Posted by familydynamics on April 23, 2008

Doctors today welcomed a plan by the Government to restrict alcohol sales in convenience stores and supermarkets and to give gardai new powers to seize alcohol from underage drinkers.

Taoiseach Bertie Ahern and Minister for Justice Brian Lenihan published a draft Intoxicating Liquor/Public Order Bill.

The Irish Medical Organisation (IMO) said the move should lessen the harm caused by alcohol in society.

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Genes May Play A Role In Alcohol Dependence

Posted by familydynamics on April 22, 2008

A team of researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis found that although environment is most influential in determining when girls begin to drink, genes play a larger role if they advance to problem drinking and alcohol dependence.

The researchers studied 3,546 female twins ages 18 to 29 to ferret out the influences of genes and environment in the development of alcohol dependence. Their findings appear in the April issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

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Staying Aware During Alcohol Awareness Month

Posted by familydynamics on April 21, 2008

In 2006, 43,000 Californians sought publicly funded treatment for alcohol addiction, including vulnerable populations like seniors and youth. But, recent studies show that more than 2.2 million people in the state meet the criteria for alcohol dependence or abuse. Costs associated with alcohol abuse in California now reach $22.5 billion each year. In 2005, drunken driving caused 1,387 fatal accidents and 20,581 injury traffic accidents statewide. Alcohol abuse devastates families and communities. Treatment admissions in the state for alcohol dependence are second to methamphetamine. While drugs like methamphetamine make front-page news, alcohol addiction is the “elephant in the room.”

Some individuals in California who abuse alcohol deny or refuse to discuss their alcohol problem, while others do not seek treatment out of fear, shame or lack of information. Alcoholics and their families and friends hide the addiction, and the stigma attached to alcoholism remains.

We need to remind the millions of Californians who are struggling with alcohol abuse of a simple message: treatment works and recovery happens. That is why it is important for us to recognize April as “Alcohol Awareness Month.” This is a terrific forum in which to stimulate conversation about alcoholism, educate Californians about alcohol abuse and urge abusers to get help.

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MADD Holds Vigil For Victims’ Families

Posted by familydynamics on April 19, 2008

Mothers Against Drunk Driving, Northeastern Alliance will hold a candlelight vigil for the surviving victims and the families hurt by drunken-driving accidents. The vigil, “Hope and Remembrance,” will be at 4 p.m. Sunday at Church on the Rise, 3350 Crocker Road, Westlake.

Any local resident touched by drunken driving is welcome to attend to honor the victims injured or killed by drunken drivers. The vigil is an annual event to support victims and to bring attention to highway deaths caused by drivers under the influence of alcohol.

According to the U.S. Department of Transportation and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 18,000 people were killed in alcohol-related crashes and 419 children were killed while traveling with drunken drivers in 2006.

In Ohio, 495 people were killed by drunken drivers.

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Psychosis Medication May Be An Effective Treatment For Alcohol Addiction

Posted by familydynamics on April 18, 2008

According to findings published in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, a drug used to treat the symptoms of psychosis in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder may also be a useful medication for individuals who are addicted to alcohol.

Aripiprazole, sold in the U.S. under the trade name Abilify, is an atypical antipsychotic that increases the sedative effects of alcohol, while decreasing its euphoric effects. The activity of aripiprazole on dopamine receptors in the brain – areas thought to have a role in mood and addiction — suggest the drug would reduce the reinforcing effects of alcohol and thus modulate drinking behavior.

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EU Hosts Alcohol Abuse Debate

Posted by familydynamics on April 17, 2008

Drinks firms, health professionals and politicians gathered in Brussels this week to discuss ways of reducing alcohol abuse across the EU. New European health Commissioner Androulla Vasiliou said she was encouraged by steps the alcohol industry had already taken.

But, she warned, more was needed from drink firms to help reduce alcohol abuse in the EU, which is linked to a quarter of deaths in men and one in ten deaths in women aged 15-29. Advertising formed a central part of this week’s meeting, which brought together members of the European Alcohol and Health Forum, established in June 2007.

Vasiliou called for more action to curb adverts to young people. “Committing to action is one thing, delivering is another thing,” she said. There were no hints that legislation would be proposed, however. The Commission is understood to prefer self-regulation and dialogue, reminiscent of the methods it has used to confront obesity.

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Kentucky Joins List Of States To Prohibit Alcohol Vaporizers

Posted by familydynamics on April 16, 2008

The governor of Kentucky has recently signed a bill into law banning what he described as “potentially deadly” devices that vaporize whiskey so that people can inhale the intoxicating fumes. The law, which will take effect in July, bans the sale, purchase or use of alcohol vaporizers in Kentucky where whiskey makers produce and sell more than $1 billion of bourbon a year.

Kentucky joins more than 20 other states that have instituted similar bans, said Sherry Green, executive director of the National Alliance for Model State Drug Laws. Tennessee, home to Jack Daniel’s whiskey, and California, the nation’s leading wine producer, are among the other states that have prohibitions. Green said some state legislatures instituted the bans after realizing that their laws against underage “drinking” didn’t necessarily address “inhaling” alcohol.

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